Command & Control and Air Battle Management

Future threats to NATO require a new, more agile, competitive, and responsive operational concept. Therefore, NATO embraced the Multi-Domain Operations concept (MDO) to ensure the necessary agility and responsiveness by optimizing x-domain effect generation and a new MDO Command and Control (MDOC2) construct based on extensive use of EDTs like AI, Machine Learning, and Big Data management.

To maximize AIR effects, it is mandatory that the management of all AIR activities, measures and means, is based on coherent commands, directions and guidance given by the appropriate authorities via a proper C2 structure. Air Battle Management (ABM) ensures that the AIR contribution to MDO is effective and efficiently integrated, coordinated and synchronized by providing the ‘who, what, when and where’ of AIR activities throughout the Joint Operations Area (JOA). In the context of MDO, JAPCC ABM Subject Matter Experts (SME) support the development of relevant knowledge and awareness of Air C2 operations and doctrine.

Featured Publications

The Heart of Decision Superiority

Evolve or Lose – Why Your Next War May Be Won or Lost in Seconds
By Col (ret.) 
‘The question is not whether NATO will need to evolve and develop its C4ISR capabilities but whether it can do so in time to meet the gathering threats to the Alliance.’ General James Cartwright, Former [...]

Quantum Technology for Defence

What to Expect for the Air and Space Domains
By Lt Col 
By Dr 
Quantum Technology (QT) has its foundation in quantum mechanics, a discipline more than one hundred years old. The first applications of quantum mechanics, known as Quantum Revolution 1.0, include nuclear fission, lasers, semiconductors, etc., where [...]

National Military Space Operations Centres

Requirements on National Centres with Respect to NATO Needs
By Lt Col 
NATO does not have space-based resources of its own; however, the organization is heavily and increasingly dependent on space data, products and services to conduct military operations, missions and other activities, as well as executing [...]

Subject Matter Experts


Patrick Giesenfeld

Subject Matter Expert 
Command & Control and Air Battle Management

Major Giesenfeld joined the German Armed Forces in October 2007, first in the army and since 2009 in the air force. He completed his officers training course in 2011. Following this he was transferred to the TACCS 21 in Erndtebrück, where he acquired his Aircraft Control Licence in 2013. Since...

Lieutenant Colonel

Jürgen Welsch

Subject Matter Expert 
Command & Control and Air Battle Management

Lieutenant Colonel Juergen Welsch joined the German Air Force in 1984. In 1990 he gained a Bachelor Degree in Aeronautical Engineering at the Hochschule der Bundeswehr Muenchen. From 1990 on, Lieutenant Colonel Welsch worked in multiple operational- and staff positions within the field of AIRC2. In 2003, he switched to...


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