Precision Guided Munitions

Since Operation Desert Storm, there has been a remarkable increase in the employment of guided precision weapons instead of unguided “dumb” bombs. Current political and geopolitical trends, such as uncertainty, financial constraints, workforce limitations, and no/low collateral damage requirements, are driving the technological developments of Precision Guided Munitions (PGMs).

Today, PGMs hit a variety of targets in complex and contested environments from long distances, supporting missions across every branch of the military and in all domains. NATO needs to be in line with the development of the next generation of PGMs to stay ahead of rapidly evolving threats.

Featured Publications

Hypersonic Weapons

The Defining Challenge of Our Time
For most people, hypersonic weapons and aircraft represent yet another 21 However, hypersonic studies have an extended history stretching back over half a century. In October 1967, William J. Knight, an aeronautical engineer, piloted the [...]

Distance No Longer Equals Protection

Development and Testing of Authorities and Planning Concepts for Hypersonic Strike Weapons
‘The military services are ramping up spending on hypersonic weapons and defense capabilities, from rocket-based glide systems to air-breathing weapons to low-altitude cruise missiles and more.’ Advances in technology continue to outpace the techniques, procedures, [...]

Precision-Guided Munitions of the Future

And the Related Challenges to NATO
‘War has always been a chameleon, it is ever-changing, adapting to new circumstances and camouflaging itself …’ Carl von Clausewitz (1780–1831) There has been a remarkable acceleration with the use of guided weapons since Operation [...]

Subject Matter Expert

Lieutenant Colonel

Francesco Esposito

Subject Matter Expert 
Precision Guided Munitions

Lieutenant Colonel Francesco Esposito joined the Italian Air Force in 1990, joining the Italian Air Force Academy in Pozzuoli (Italy). He was trained with the US Air Force SUNT program in Randolph AFB (TX) and subsequently graduated as a Tornado Navigator/Weapon System Operator in Cottesmore (UK) in 1996. As an...

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