Joint Air and Space Power Conference 2022

Panel 2

What are the consequences for deterrence and defence?

How to best organize and strengthen deterrence and defence in this environment will be discussed in the second panel from a particular defence perspective. A comprehensive, whole of government policy approach to defence will be paramount. In view of new demanding threats to allied territory, which are closer and faster than a decade ago, NATO’s answers to ensuring deterrence have to be revisited. A new emphasis on resilience will have to take into account threats and vulnerabilities in Space, Cyber and the Electromagnetic Environment.

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Deterrence in the Space Domain

At Brussel’s NATO Summit in 2020, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg launched the #NATO 2030 effort remarking that ­‘resilience – be it infrastructure, telecommunications, 5G or healthcare, access to protective equipment – all of that matters for the civilian society, but it actually also matters for NATO as a military ­alliance and our military capabilities. […] making sure that we have credible deterrence and defence, because that’s the best way to prevent a conflict, is to remove any room for...

Adversarial Machine Learning

The rapid progress in computer vision made possible by deep learning techniques has favoured the large diffusion of appli­cations based on Artificial Intelligence (AI). The ability to analyse different kinds of images and data from heterogeneous sensors is making this technology particularly interesting for military and defence appli­cations. However, these machine learning techniques were not designed to compete with intelligent opponents; therefore, the characteristics that make them so interesting also represent their greatest weakness in this class of applications. More...

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