Maritime Operations

Most of the Earth is covered in water and most of the world international commerce is seaborne, as the majority of the wold’s population lives close to the coast. The maritime environment ranges from high seas to the more confined shallow waters within littoral and coastal regions, thus providing access to all parts of the globe, and includes the air and water space above and below them. Maritime power has traditionally been employed to maintain the freedom of navigation essential to the general economic welfare and survival of states. Conversely, it has been regularly used to disrupt the opponents’ sea line of communication as part of a wider Allied, joint and combined operation. Maritime forces are globally mobile and deployable. They are able to exploit freedom of navigation, transiting to and arriving in an area of operation to provide a scalable and sustained military presence. Access, mobility, lift capacity, posture, versatility and availability, sustained reach, resilience and leverage are maritime forces main attributes.

(Allied Joint Doctrine for Maritime Operations, AJP-3.1)

Related Publications

The Role of Aircraft Carriers in a Contested Age

Retaining Primacy in the Maritime Domain
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Transitioning NATO to an All-Domain Mindset

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The Strategic Value of Aircraft Carriers

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Will the Aircraft Carrier Survive?

Future Air Threats to the Carrier (and How to Defend It)
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Rotary Wing Unmanned Aerial Systems

Market Snapshot and Support for Maritime Operations
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On Multi-Domain Operations

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Sea-based Ballistic Missile Defence

German Contribution to a Future European Capability
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Unmanned Air Systems in NATO Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW)

Potential Future Applications and Concepts
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Maritime Rotary Wing

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Air Command and Control in the Amphibious Environment

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Alliance Airborne Anti-Submarine Warfare

A Forecast for Maritime Air ASW in the Future Operational Environment
As the Cold War ended and the Russian Federation’s naval projection was challenged both by the internal politics of glasnost and the stark realities of their national economic situation, their submarine deployments throughout the NATO [...]

Is NATO’s MPA Force Prepared for ­Resurgent Russian Submarine Patrols?

This article is an abbreviated version of a longer ­essay written in June 2015. The full version can be provided on request. In the waning decades of the 20th century, due to a noted reduction [...]

Italian Naval Air Power

New Challenges and Capabilities
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100 Years of German Naval Aviation

A Continuous Change from the Beginning
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Affirming and Preserving NATO Air Power from the Sea
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Air and Space Power in Counter-Piracy Operations

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