Big Data Management in ISR and New Technology Trends

By Major

By Maj



, IT


Joint Air Power Competence Centre

 May 2021
Please note that this publication is not available for public download. For cleared individuals it is available on the JAPCC NS portal. If you are a user with appropriate access, you can also request your digital copy via the NATO NS WAN under

The digital revolution and the endless use of data are transforming the way we live and work. Simultaneously, new technologies through data are providing great opportunities to make military operations different from the past. Command and Control (C2) and Multi-Domain Operations (MDO) are undergoing profound transformations as the availability and transmission of data increase exponentially. In this context, the use of the vast amounts of data enables Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) to provide more accurate and timely analysis to support the decision-making process and situational awareness at all levels. Recently, competitor countries have been exploring new technologies to gain an advantage in international competition and seek significant benefits from increasingly available data in military operations. The key challenge is the comprehension and ability to understand the significance of Big Data and manage it, so that NATO can finally exploit its potential and maintain information dominance.

Starting with NATO ISR doctrine and C2 concepts, the present NATO UNCLASS study offers an understanding of Big Data from which it is possible to better explore and identify the correct algorithms. This research combines the DOTMLPF-I approach with academic and scientific studies. The aim is to optimize ISR outcomes by rapidly visualizing the result of the fusion of enormous quantities of data collected by sensors, providing accurate and timely intelligence analysis. Big Data management is also interconnected with other emerging and disruptive technologies like Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML). Their merging is what will become the real game-changer in maintaining information superiority in the future. Accordingly, the study also provides an overview of new technological trends for ISR.

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Joint Air Power Competence Centre

Major Giuseppe Valentino started his career in 1992 joining the Italian Air Force NCO School in Caserta. During his service worked in E.W. group as an Intelligence Analyst and had two tours to Sarajevo (Bosnia-Herzegovina) and was responsible for analysis and production in the Deployed Intelligence Cell.

In 2005, he was engaged as a Force Protection platoon leader in Kosovo as well as supporting other key NATO operations. From 2010 to 2019 he was Section Head of COSMO-SkyMed operations in Italian Defence User Ground Segment (IDUGS). Major Valentino holds an MA with honours, in Political Science Sapienza University of Rome and an MA (level II) in Peacekeeping and Security Studies University Roma Tre, and currently serves as an ISR Subject Matter Expert at the JAPCC.

Information provided is current as of August 2021

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