Lieutenant Colonel



Joint Air Power Competence Centre
Subject Matter Expert

joined the German Air Force in 1993. After attending Officers School, he studied Computer Science at the German Armed Forces University in Munich. Since 1998 he built up an extensive background in Ground Based Air Defence, particularly the PATRIOT weapon system. He started as a Tactical Control Officer and subsequently held positions as Reconnaissance Officer, Battery Executive Officer and Battery Commander in various PATRIOT units. Furthermore, he had two non-consecutive assignments in Fort Bliss, Texas. The main task of his first assignment was to conduct bilateral US-GE studies of weapon system behaviour on a tactical level for the German PATRIOT Office.

During his second assignment, he was the Subject Matter Expert (SME) on Integrated Air and Missile Defence at the German Luftwaffe Air Defence Centre. In between, he had an assignment as the A3C in the former Air Force Division. Currently, he is the Integrated Air and Missile Defence / Ballistic Missile Defence SME in the JAPCC.

Information provided is current as of October 2021

From the Author

Defining the Swarm

Challenges in Developing NATO-Agreed Terminology Across All Domains
In recent years, the terms ‘swarm’ and ‘swarming’ have been among the most prevalent buzzwords in the uncrewed This article aims to outline the challenges and provides food for thought when discussing a future definition [...]

Possibilities and Limits of a C2 (R)Evolution

Military planners often focus on the development of individual capabilities without considering how they will work in concert with the rest of a nation’s forces or let alone allied forces. As with any fine symphony [...]

Hypersonic Threats

Hype or Game Changer for NATO’s Deterrence?
It is almost impossible to read current literature about NATO‘s threat spectrum without having Hypersonic Operational Threats (HOT) mentioned as an emerging ‘game-changer.’ The following article is based on a Specialist Team Report of NATO’s [...]

The Differences Between Unmanned Aircraft, Drones, Cruise Missiles and Hypersonic Vehicles

To define the impact of unmanned aerial systems on current and future NATO operations, it is very important to identify which kind or category of threats are included and which are not. This section will [...]

Defensive Counter-Air Operations

As technology evolves, the technical options and consequently the military applications for unmanned aircraft become more diverse. Theoretically, every manned system could be construed as an unmanned version. But the lack of necessity for a [...]

Command and Control

Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) are part of daily life, from hobby enthusiasts and delivery companies to actual people/ groups with malevolent intentions, and also present a growing capability in armed conflicts. This circumstance gets amplified [...]

Employing Friendly UAS for Counter-UAS Operations

Unmanned aircraft (UA) are an established technology that continues to expand. Over the past decade, UA have become an integral component in most militaries and future military operations must consider Friendly-UA (F-UA) and Opposing-UA (O-UA) [...]

How can Modelling and Simulation Support Integrated Air and Missile Defence?

Modelling and Simulation (M&S) is nothing new, especially for training purposes in the military domain, although the extensive use of Information Technology (IT) has changed opportunities for the use of M&S. In order to be [...]

The Role of BMD in Deterrence?

According to the Oxford Online Dictionary, deterrence is defined as: ‘The action of discouraging an action or event through instilling doubt or fear of the consequences.’ These definitions are very general, and rightfully so. There [...]

Future Options for Surface-Based Air and Missile Defence?

France, in 1794, was the first nation to use aerial balloons for reconnaissance purposes. Subsequently, it took almost 100 years for the German military to realize that small cannons could be used to intercept those [...]

Countering Anti-Access / Area Denial

Future Capability Requirements in NATO
The term Anti Access / Area Denial (A2/AD) has become noticeably more prevalent in current military documents, articles and assessments over the last two decades. However, does A2/AD constitute a new, unprecedented type of threat [...]

Nimble Titan

Ballistic Missile Defence in a Regional, Cross-Regional and Global Environment
Since the beginning of armed conflicts, weapons have been used to gain advantage on the battlefield. The chronological and developmental successor of arrows, catapults, and cannons, Ballistic Missiles (BM) entered the battlefield in 1944 and [...]

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